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Portfolio Diversification Explained for beginners

What is diversification and what is it necessary for? Having a reliable diversification strategy considers spreading all your investments around. In other words, it means preventing yourself from putting all eggs into one basket. Besides, the idea behind the diversification process is about reducing the portfolio volatility in the long run.


In this article, we will explain the diversification definition and how it may help to ensure stable and steady long-term income.

What Is Diversification?

Successful investing is impossible without establishing a proper balance between the potential risk and comfort level. Some people start investing in their retirement too early. They take the risk of potentially growing rates that will never let them keep pace with inflation. Others start investing too aggressively when growing older. It inevitably leads to exposed market volatility with fewer chances to recover in case of a loss.

So, when understanding the diversification definition, we assume a proper balance of risk and reward ratio. The approach is not as easy as simply buying different assets on various financial markets. It can be much more complicated. Spreading your portfolio across various instrument classifications requires a well-thought approach focusing mainly on volatility and risk mitigation.

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For this reason, the first thing you need to do as a part of your portfolio diversification is to look for worthy components for it.

4 Major Components for Portfolio Diversification

Spreading your assets across various financial markets and instruments can be challenging. It means that you are supposed to understand how each of those markets work, which means deep across-market knowledge. In reality, all you need is to create complete portfolio diversification with the following 4 major components.

Domestic Stocks

Most investors use them as the major and most aggressive instrument that enables a potentially higher growth in the long run. At the same time, higher growth always comes together with increased risks. The stock market is extremely volatile. So, by the moment you decide to sell them, the price can be much lower than you expect.


Regular interest rate and minimum volatility – this is what makes bonds a good option for long-term investors. Besides, they can serve you as a cushion against unexpected highs and lows taking place in the stock market. Bonds are the #1 choice for those who value safety more than potential growth with unpredictable risks.

Short-Term Investment

Short-term CFDs can be a good option along with money market funds. The second option comes as an even more safe solution, as money market funds can be used to conserve investments to ensure their stability in future. Besides, these instruments ensure hassle-free access to your capital and money whenever needed.

When compared to bonds, money market funds do not offer the same return. On the other hand, they are much safer even though they are not backed by the FED or insurances provided by other financial institutions.

International stocks

A good idea is to purchase stocks issued by foreign companies. It will help you benefit from bigger exposure that your country’s securities cannot deliver. Once again, stock markets always mean risks. So, you need to be very careful when choosing international assets for your portfolio diversification.

Extra Portfolio Diversification Components to Consider

Apart from the 4 mentioned baseline diversification options, you may look for additional assets to spread around. They may include the following:

  1. Sector Funds – it means that you buy stocks that refer to a specific economical segment. Also known as cyclical stocks, they come as a great opportunity for those who rely on various cycles of the economy.
  2. Real Estate Funds – REITs are a great choice in case you want to have more tools to prevent the risk of inflation. They may serve as great hedging instruments.
  3. Asset Allocation Funds – a perfect tool for beginners or those who do not have time to explore different markets and the way they are doing. The instrument may also work in case of a single-fund strategy implementation.

Diversification is not just purchasing all possible assets you come across. It is a complex process of evaluating different instruments and identifying the chance of potential growth in the long run taking into account risks, inflation, economic cycles, and many other factors.

This material does not contain and should not be construed as containing investment advice, investment recommendations, an offer of or solicitation for any transactions in financial instruments. Before making any investment decisions, you should seek advice from independent financial advisors to ensure you understand the risks.